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Citation Resources: Styles and Tools: Get Started

Need help with formatting citations? Use this brief guide to major styles.

About this Research Guide

This guide covers how to cite the sources you use in your research papers and create citations using different styles.  

When you do research for your papers and projects, you always cite your sources. 

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Image credit: Tony Tin, 2020.

What, Why, Where and When of Citing

What is Citation?

To cite means to point to the evidence. It is a referral to an information source. 

It is usually provided as a combination of author, title date and location (e.g. URL or identifier for website).  

Why Citations Matter?

  • Give credit where credit is due.
  • Share what you learn.
  • Make you a better writer.
  • Strengthen your points.
  • Enable better verification of your work.

Citation Can Avoid Plagiarism

Quoting and paraphrasing

Quoting and paraphrasing are two important concepts to learn before you write a research paper. You need to cite when you quote a source and when you paraphrase a source. 

To quote means to use another author's exact words in your text. Quotes from another author should be in "quotation marks". 

To paraphrase means to restate the words of another author, using your own words. When you restate another author’s original ideas in your document you don’t use quotation marks - but remember, you still have to cite your source! 

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Tony Tin
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VinUniversity Library
Subjects:English